Before Tennyson was Tennyson, it was a mining camp called Dutch Hollow. German immigrants transformed it into a village. (In many parts of America, Dutch was an Americanized form of the word Germans used for themselves: Deutsch.) Henry and Godfrey Kreizer arrived around 1836. Henry was a butcher who made his living selling meat to the miners. Lead mining did not end completely until 1950, although after 1850 it was a minor player in the local economy.
Another early settler, Frank Mueller, built a three-story rock house in 1848 for his large family. Their home was the center of the community’s social life for decades, but especially during the mining era. The building had a general store on the first floor, a saloon and dance hall on the second floor, and the family’s residence on the third floor (for mom, dad, and 11 children!). The family was blessed with great musical talent and would gather on the front steps on warm days to sing.
In 1847, the Mueller’s hosted a young actor named John Wilkes Booth. He stayed for a while at their log cabin, often throwing his voice to tease the construction workers and performing for guests; most people don’t know that President Lincoln’s assassin was a gifted ventriloquist. The house is still around (it is now an apartment building across the street from Haverland’s Bar) although barely recognizable because the exterior was covered with stucco. Curiously, there are no markers that say: “John Wilkes Booth slept here.”
In 1913, the community changed its name to honor the poet Alfred Lord Tennyson. Local residents were probably motivated by rising anti-German sentiment in American on the eve of World War I.
Read more: Tennyson has a surprising connection to the character known as Uncle Sam.